What makes it: POP-ART
Pop Art was born in Britain in the mid-1950s, but became very popular in the 1960s and became a true art movement in New York City with artists like Andy Warhol and Jasper Johns. Pop art is a design style that developed as a reaction to abstract expressionism, which was the dominant art direction in the united states in the 40s and 50s. The term pop art comes from "popular art", and refers to style characteristics that you will find related to the entertainment industry and mass media. In the same way, they called popular music pop-music, they started calling the popular art; pop-art. The artists took inspiration from what was popular at that time and made art and design from it. This could be everything from Comics and photographs of pop-idols, to coca-cola cans and hamburgers. The object or the source of inspiration was then taken out of the context it usually would be found in, and then be rendered in unconventional and surprising forms. Most of us recognize the soup can made by Andy Warhols or the famous Marlyn Monroe comics style photos. Warhol and pop-art artists used the same techniques that would be used in movies, commercials, papers, and magazines. This is a style that was made for mass media because the technique allowed mass production of the art. This way the art looked more like a commercial poster, a completely different style than the one usually associated with art in the '50s. This was because Pop art artists wanted to make art for the masses. They felt that erlier art was elitist.The language of Pop-art never stops to fascinate, and are still used by many artists in today's popular culture.
The story starts in London. In 1952 a group of young experimental artists, writers, and architects, including Scottish artist Eduardo Paolozzi. Formed the independent Group. The group wanted to challenge the art world and was interested in the relationship between popular culture and visual arts. Paolozzi led the charge - giving an important presentation where he showed advertising, comic strips, and typical graphic images from American magazines. Inspired from these images, the group wanted to create art that was inclusive and which has mass appeal. Paolozzi had already begun to create collages using some of these images, in works like; I was a rich man`s plaything (1947), from the series Bunk! This collage brings a good mixture of pop-arts characteristics to play. Paolozzi uses Coca Cola advertising, an image of a 2 World War fighter plane, with a dominant playful magazine cover on top. He even incorporated the word "pop" in a cloud, shooting from a pistol over the girl's head. As talked about earlier, In America artists were also starting to reference and incorporate images from mass media into their works. The New York artist Roy Lichenstein was inspired by comic books and cartoons. His early work from the 1960s included screen-prints of mickey mouse and Popeye. He also is known for his pop artsy comic-girls.
Design called: I was a rich man`s plaything (1947) By Eduardo Paolozzi,This some of his earliest design and is marked as one of the pop-arts origins
Andy Warhols design of the famous Marlyn Monroe. Made in 1967.
Perfect example of a comic-style pop-art design. Made by Roy Linchenstein in 1965.
Modern recreation of pop art style . Made my Sophie costa
Recognizable imagery Use of popular -products
often comic styles Recreating of celeb.
Collage from magazines
& other medias
|1939–1945||II world war||The post-war period created a lot of confusion and a need for the people to defy the strict lines that have been earlier. This also includes art. And as we see in pop art, the idea is to break the abstract and rigid design that has been before. Images and art during World War II, have also been used by pop art, where they used it with an unconventional twist.|
Born in Edinburgh, Paolozzi was a titan of British and international art in the second half of the 20th Century. Popularly considered the founder of Pop Art, he continued to innovate as well as inspire other artists throughout his long and extraordinary life.
Andy Warhol, quickly became the leading figure among the pop artists of the 1960s and is today considered one of the most significant artists of the last century. Warhol drew inspiration from the advertising and fashion worlds, common objects in American culture, and in recent years also from photographs.
Roy Lichtenstein, an American painter, and sculptor, a pop artist who took his inspiration from motifs as comics, and advertising. His paintings are visually striking, executed in a simple and often raw style. He used few but strong colors, black contours and often raster dots in his pictures.