Often referred to as the International Typographic Style or the International Style, the style of design that originated in Switzerland in the 1940s and 50s was the basis of much of the development of graphic design during the mid 20th century. Led by designers Josef Müller-Brockmann at the Zurich School of Arts and Krafts and Armin Hofmann at the Basel School of Design, the style favored simplicity, legibility and objectivity.
Pop art started with the New York artists Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, James Rosenquist, and Claes Oldenburg, all of whom drew on popular imagery and were actually part of an international phenomenon. Following the popularity of the Abstract Expressionists, Pop's reintroduction of identifiable imagery (drawn from mass media and popular culture) was a major shift for the direction of modernism. Perhaps owing to the incorporation of commercial images, Pop art has become one of the most recognizable styles of modern art.
Psychedelic Art generally refers to art that has been influenced by hallucinogenic drugs. However, it may also refer to the art of the 1960s counter-culture movement. Some people relate art that is a visual depiction of kaleidoscopic-like patterns to the Psychedelic Art movement. The movement was closely linked to the psychedelic music of the 1960s as well and was evident in both concert posters and record album covers.
New Wave or Swiss Punk Typography was influenced by Punk and postmodern language theory. Punk subculture includes a diverse array of ideologies, fashion, and other forms of expression, visual art, dance, literature and film. It is largely characterised by anti-establishment views and the promotion of individual freedom, and is centred on a loud, aggressive genre of rock music called punk rock.
Street art and graffiti are a part of the modern urban scene that is developed in public spaces. The motivation and objectives that drive street artists are as varied as the artists themselves. These days graffiti is seen everywhere you are. You see it on buildings, the metro, pipes, parking lots, school hallways, and anywhere there is possible for a person to make their mark. This kind of graffiti and street art is everything from scribbled letters of someone's name to detailed well-thought-out art.